Skip to main content
SearchLoginLogin or Signup

Annex 2: WHO EIDM Tools

Published onApr 25, 2024
Annex 2: WHO EIDM Tools

Included tools to support evidence-informed decision-making – linked to the policy/action cycle

Table A2.1 Tools to support evidence-informed decision making, linked to the policy/action cycle

Tool, reference and URL

Description/application

Identify high-priority issue

  • Prioritize issues

SUPPORT Tool 3 (184)

https://health-policy-systems.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1478-4505-7-S1-S3

Tool 3. Setting priorities for supporting EIP

SURE Guide 2 (151) https://epoc.cochrane.org/sites/epoc.cochrane.org/files/public/ uploads/SURE-Guides-v2.1/Collectedfiles/sure_guides.html

Guide 2. Prioritizing topics for policy briefs

EVIPNet Europe EBP manual (25) https://apps.who.int/iris/handle/10665/337950

Section 2.1.1. Setting priorities for EBP

*WHO Research priority-setting guidance (185)

https://apps.who.int/iris/handle/10665/334408

Focuses on priority-setting for research

*The SPARK tool to prioritize questions for systematic reviews in health policy and sys- tems research (186)

https://health-policy-systems.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12961-017-0242-4

Focuses on prioritizing questions for systematic reviews in health policy and systems research

  • Identify problem and causes

SUPPORT Tool 4 (83)

https://health-policy-systems.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1478-4505-7-S1-S4

Tool 4. Using research evidence to clarify a problem

SURE Guide 3 (151) https://epoc.cochrane.org/sites/epoc.cochrane.org/files/public/ uploads/SURE-Guides-v2.1/Collectedfiles/sure_guides.html

Guide 3. Clarifying the problem

EVIPNet Europe EBP manual (25) https://apps.who.int/iris/handle/10665/337950

Section 2.2.7. How to frame the problem

WHO Handbook for guideline development, second edition (39)

https://www.who.int/publications/i/item/9789241548960

Chapter 4. Preparing the planning proposal for a WHO guideline

  • Stakeholder analysis

EVIPNet Europe EBP manual (25) https://apps.who.int/iris/handle/10665/337950

Section 2.1.5. Stakeholder mapping and analysis (for EBPs)

  • Context analysis

EVIPNet Europe EBP manual (25) https://apps.who.int/iris/handle/10665/337950

Section 2.1.4. Brief description and mapping of the policy and political contexts (for EBPs)

Design solutions

  • PICO question

WHO Handbook for guideline development, second edition (39)

https://www.who.int/publications/i/item/9789241548960

Chapter 7. Formulating questions and selecting outcomes

GRADE handbook (187) https://gdt.gradepro.org/app/handbook/handbook.html

Chapter 2. Framing the health care question

Evidence synthesis for health policy and systems: a methods guide (73)

https://www.who.int/alliance-hpsr/resources/publications/hsr-synthesis/en/

Section 2.4. Translating a policy issue into a synthesis ques- tion; Section 2.5. Structuring the synthesis question (for evidence syntheses for HPSR)

*Cochrane handbook (40) https://training.cochrane.org/handbook/current/chapter-03

Chapter 3. Defining the criteria for including studies and how they will be grouped for the synthesis

  • Search

WHO Handbook for guideline development, second edition (39)

https://www.who.int/publications/i/item/9789241548960

Chapter 8. Evidence retrieval and synthesis

SURE Guide 4 (151) https://epoc.cochrane.org/sites/epoc.cochrane.org/files/public/ uploads/SURE-Guides-v2.1/Collectedfiles/sure_guides.html

Guide 4. Deciding on and describing policy options – What is known about the impacts of the different policy options?

EVIPNet Europe EBP manual (25) https://apps.who.int/iris/handle/10665/337950

Section 2.2.4. Search strategy (for EBPs)

*Cochrane handbook (40) https://training.cochrane.org/handbook/current/chapter-04

Chapter 4. Searching for and selecting studies

For sources of evidence also refer to Tables 3.2 and 3.4 in this chapter

  • Access

SUPPORT Tool 7 (188)

https://health-policy-systems.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1478-4505-7-S1-S7

Tool 7. Finding systematic reviews

WHO staff can seek help from the WHO Library to access literature that may not be available through open access arrangements

  • Appraise

GRADE approach for assessing certainty (quality) of a body of evidence

GRADE handbook (187) https://gdt.gradepro.org/app/handbook/handbook.html

Chapter 5. Quality of evidence

WHO Handbook for guideline development, second edition (39)

https://www.who.int/publications/i/item/9789241548960

Chapter 9. Evidence assessment – includes GRADE approach for assessing certainty

SURE Guide 4 (151)

https://epoc.cochrane.org/sites/epoc.cochrane.org/files/public/uploads/SURE- Guides-v2.1/Collectedfiles/sure_guides.html

Guide 4. Deciding on and describing policy options – how confident can we be about the likely impacts of each of the options? – includes GRADE approach for assessing certainty

EVIPNet Europe EBP manual (25) https://apps.who.int/iris/handle/10665/337950

Section 2.2.5. How to critically appraise evidence

For tools to assess the risk of bias/quality of a range of evidence types, see Table 3.6.

  • Adapt

PAHO tool for adapting and implementing guidelines in the Americas (86)

https://iris.paho.org/handle/10665.2/49145

Chapter 2. Adaptation of guidelines

*The ADAPTE process: resource toolkit for guideline adaptation (88)

https://g-i-n.net/wp-content/uploads/2021/05/ADAPTE-Resource-toolkit-V2.1- March-2010-updated-disclaimer.pdf

For adaptation of guidelines

*Toolkit for adaptation of HTA reports (89)

https://www.journalslibrary.nihr.ac.uk/hta/hta13590/#/abstract

For adaption of HTA reports

WHO Handbook for guideline development, second edition (39)

https://www.who.int/publications/i/item/9789241548960

Section 1.8.3. Adaptation of existing WHO guidelines; section 13.1 Adaptation

SUPPORT Tool 9 (91)

https://health-policy-systems.biomedcentral.com/track/pdf/10.1186/1478-4505-7-S1- S9.pdf

Tool 9. Assessing the applicability of the findings of a systematic review

SURE Guide 4 (151)

https://epoc.cochrane.org/sites/epoc.cochrane.org/files/public/uploads/SURE- Guides-v2.1/Collectedfiles/sure_guides.html

Guide 4. Deciding on and describing policy options – What is known about the impacts of the different policy options? Box 4.2: Judgements about the applicability of the results of systematic reviews

Evidence synthesis for health policy and systems: a methods guide (73)

https://www.who.int/alliance-hpsr/resources/publications/hsr-synthesis/en/

Chapter 4. Understanding context in reviews and syntheses of HPSR

  • Synthesize

WHO Handbook for guideline development, second edition (39)

https://www.who.int/publications/i/item/9789241548960

Chapter 8. Evidence retrieval and synthesis

GRADE Handbook (187) https://gdt.gradepro.org/app/handbook/handbook.html

Chapter 4. Summarizing the evidence

EVIPNet Europe EBP manual (25) https://apps.who.int/iris/handle/10665/337950

Section 2.2.6. How to synthesize the critically appraised included literature

Evidence synthesis for health policy and systems: a methods guide (73)

https://www.who.int/alliance-hpsr/resources/publications/hsr-synthesis/en/

Section 3.3. Methods for synthesizing HPSR evidence

*Cochrane handbook (40) https://training.cochrane.org/handbook/current

Chapters 6, 9, 10–12, 14, 15

Design implementation

  • Context analysis

PAHO tool for adapting and implementing guidelines in the Americas (86)

https://iris.paho.org/handle/10665.2/49145

The importance of contextual factors in adapting and implementing guidelines is covered throughout the tool

SUPPORT Tool 11 (28)

https://health-policy-systems.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1478-4505-7-S1-S11

Tool 11. Finding and using evidence about local conditions for EIP

Evidence synthesis for health policy and systems: a methods guide (73)

https://www.who.int/alliance-hpsr/resources/publications/hsr-synthesis/en/

Chapter 4. Understanding context in reviews and syntheses of HPSR

EVIPNet Europe EBP manual (25) https://apps.who.int/iris/handle/10665/337950

Section 2.1.4. Brief description and mapping of the policy and political contexts (for EBPs)

Implementation research in health: a practical guide (153)

https://www.who.int/alliance-hpsr/resources/implementationresearchguide/en/

Analysis of context is integral to implementation research – and is considered throughout the guide

ExpandNet Practical guidance for scaling up health service innovations (189)

https://expandnet.net/tools/

See pages 11, 21–22, 24 that talk about the context and environment

  • Implementation considerations (barriers/facilitators)

SUPPORT Tool 6 (97)

https://health-policy-systems.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1478-4505-7-S1-S6

Tool 6. Using research evidence to address how an option will be implemented

SURE Guide 5 (151)

https://epoc.cochrane.org/sites/epoc.cochrane.org/files/public/uploads/SURE- Guides-v2.1/Collectedfiles/sure_guides.html

Guide 5. Identifying and addressing barriers to implement- ing the policy options – also includes strategies to address the barriers

EVIPNet Europe EBP manual (25) https://apps.who.int/iris/handle/10665/337950

Section 2.2.9. How to identify implementation consider- ations

PAHO tool for adapting and implementing guidelines in the Americas (86)

https://iris.paho.org/handle/10665.2/49145

Section 3.3.3. Identification of barriers and facilitators – also includes strategies to address the barriers

WHO Handbook for guideline development, second edition (39)

https://www.who.int/publications/i/item/9789241548960

Section 13.2. Implementation

GRADE handbook (187) https://gdt.gradepro.org/app/handbook/handbook.html

Addressed as part of section 6.5. The Evidence-to-decision framework

Implementation research toolkit http://adphealth.org/irtoolkit/

Online toolkit focused on how to conduct implementation research

Implementation research in health: a practical guide (153)

https://www.who.int/alliance-hpsr/resources/implementationresearchguide/en/

Focused on how to conduct implementation research

  • Pilot project

ExpandNet “Beginning with the end in mind” tool (98) https://expandnet.net/tools/

Focuses on planning pilot projects for successful scaling up

ExpandNet Practical guidance for scaling up health service innovations (189)

https://expandnet.net/tools/

Emphasizes the importance of a successful pilot for success in scaling up

Communicate and engage

  • Active  dissemination/communication

Implementation research toolkit http://adphealth.org/irtoolkit/

See section in yellow – Communication and advocacy

SUPPORT Tool 15 (102)

https://health-policy-systems.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1478-4505-7-S1-S15

Tool 15. Engaging the public in evidence-informed policy- making

SURE Guide 8 (151) https://epoc.cochrane.org/sites/epoc.cochrane.org/files/public/ uploads/SURE-Guides-v2.1/Collectedfiles/sure_guides.html

Guide 8. Informing and engaging stakeholders

EVIPNet Europe EBP manual (25) https://apps.who.int/iris/handle/10665/337950

Section 2.3.3. Advocacy plan, 2.3.4 Communication plan

EVIPNet Europe Communication and advocacy checklist (190) https://www.euro.who.int/ data/assets/pdf_file/0019/323155/EVIPNET-communica- tion-advocacy-checklist.pdf

The whole guide is related to communication and advocacy

ExpandNet Practical guidance for scaling up health service innovations (189)

https://expandnet.net/tools/

See pages 31–32 Dissemination and advocacy

  • Education/training

ExpandNet Nine steps for developing a scaling-up strategy (191)

https://expandnet.net/tools/

Emphasizes the importance of education and training for successful scaling up

ExpandNet Practical guidance for scaling up health service innovations (189)

https://expandnet.net/tools/

See pages 32–34

  • Policy dialogue

SUPPORT Tool 14 (105)

https://health-policy-systems.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1478-4505-7-S1-S14

Tool 14. Organizing and using policy dialogues to support evidence-informed policymaking

EVIPNet Europe EBP manual (25) https://apps.who.int/iris/handle/10665/337950

Section 2.3.1. Policy dialogue

EVIPNet Europe Policy dialogue preparation and facilitation checklist (104) https://www.euro.who.int/en/data-and-evidence/evidence-informed-policy-making/ evidence-informed-policy-network-evipnet/evipnet-europe-policy-dialogue-prepara- tion-and-facilitation-checklist-2016

Accompanying tool to the EVIPNet Europe EBP manual for conducting a policy dialogue

SURE Guide 7 (151) https://epoc.cochrane.org/sites/epoc.cochrane.org/files/public/ uploads/SURE-Guides-v2.1/Collectedfiles/sure_guides.html

Guide 7. Organising and running policy dialogues

Implement, monitor, evaluate and adjust

  • Implement/Scale up

ExpandNet Nine steps for developing a scaling-up strategy (191)

https://expandnet.net/tools/

Provides step-wise guidance to develop a scaling-up strategy

ExpandNet Practical guidance for scaling up health service innovations (189)

https://expandnet.net/tools/

Facilitates systematic planning for scaling up

PAHO tool for adapting and implementing guidelines in the Americas (86)

https://iris.paho.org/handle/10665.2/49145

Chapter 3. Implementation of guidelines

Implementation research (IR) toolkit http://adphealth.org/irtoolkit/

Online toolkit focused on how to conduct IR to inform the implementation of an intervention

  • Monitor, evaluate process, outcomes and impact

WHO evaluation practice handbook (154) https://apps.who.int/iris/handle/10665/96311

This handbook provides step-by-step practical guidance to evaluation in WHO

SUPPORT Tool 18 (192)

https://health-policy-systems.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1478-4505-7-S1-S18

Tool 18. Planning monitoring and evaluation of policies

SURE Guide 6 (151) https://epoc.cochrane.org/sites/epoc.cochrane.org/files/public/ uploads/SURE-Guides-v2.1/Collectedfiles/sure_guides.html

Guide 6. Clarifying uncertainties and needs for monitoring and evaluation

Implementation research toolkit http://adphealth.org/irtoolkit/

See section in green – Developing an IR proposal

PAHO tool for adapting and implementing guidelines in the Americas (86)

https://iris.paho.org/handle/10665.2/49145

Sections 3.3.8 to 3.3.10 – evaluation of implementation

WHO Handbook for guideline development, second edition (39)

https://www.who.int/publications/i/item/9789241548960

Section 13.2. Implementation

  • Disseminate and contribute to the evidence base

Implementation research toolkit http://adphealth.org/irtoolkit/

See section in yellow – IR-related communication and ad- vocacy, and section in green – Developing an IR proposal

WHO evaluation practice handbook (154) https://apps.who.int/iris/handle/10665/96311

Chapter 6. Communication, utilization and follow-up of evaluation results

Sustain change

  • Continuous adaptation and learning to sustain change

Implementation research toolkit http://adphealth.org/irtoolkit/

See section in orange – Integrating IR into health systems. Sustainability is one of the key outcomes of IR

ExpandNet Nine steps for developing a scaling-up strategy (191)

https://expandnet.net/tools/

Sustainability is one of the four key principles of the ExpandNet framework (page 8)

ExpandNet Practical guidance for scaling up health service innovations (189)

https://expandnet.net/tools/

Sustainability is one of the four key principles of the ExpandNet framework

Abbreviations: EBP – evidence brief for policy; EIP – evidence-informed policy-making; HPSR – health policy and systems research; HTA – health technology assessment; IR – implementation research; PAHO – Pan American Health Organization; SUPPORT – SUPporting POlicy relevant Reviews and Trials

Note: tools marked with * are not included in the repository.

Comments
0
comment
No comments here
Why not start the discussion?