Aims: The prevalence of HIV in the general population of Madagascar is 0.3%. Some population groups, especially detainees are vulnerable to this infection. Our study was the first combined HIV survey of the detainees of Ankazondrano jail in Fianarantsoa. The study aims to determine the serological status of the detainees related to HIV infection and their risky behaviours for this infection.
Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional survey of the detainees 18 years old and over was carried out in Ankazondrano jail in Fianarantsoa during September 2020. Results: The prevalence of HIV in the sample was zero; 89.43% of the detainees reported to have heard about HIV; only 15.45% had a general knowledge about it; 76.42% of them knew that a condom is a way of protection against HIV infection; however, they had wrong responses about protection against this infection. In fact, 47.97% of the surveyed detainees thought that HIV is transmitted by mosquito bites and 65.04% thought that it is transmitted by shaking hands. Almost one quarter of the detainees reported that there is no risk of HIV contraction in jail.
Conclusion: In this study, nevertheless, the prevalence of HIV is zero; detainees of Ankazondrano jail are a vulnerable group to HIV due to their lack of knowledge of this infection and the fact that they undertook risky behaviours.