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Published onApr 25, 2024

Because political and institutional context is a key factor affecting the interface between research and policy [122], the policy/action cycle (with the evidence funnel at the centre) is “enveloped” in an outer layer generically called context. Context is the complex environment that influences how policy decisions take place and how diverse stakeholders interact to make those decisions. Based on a recent systematic review of studies that defined and assessed context, Rogers and colleagues [123] developed the following definition: “Context is defined as a multi-dimensional construct encompassing micro, meso and macro level determinants that are pre-existing, dynamic and emergent throughout the implementation process. These factors are inextricably intertwined, incorporating multi-level concepts such as culture, leadership and the availability of resources.” Although there are a number of ways in which context can be conceptualized, there is agreement in its multidimensionality [124].

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