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Evidence application – the policy/action cycle

Published onApr 25, 2024
Evidence application – the policy/action cycle

On the evidence user side, a range of activities are needed to enhance application of the evidence to achieve the goal of global health and equity. These are captured in the policy/action cycle (see Fig. 2.2) that represents the evidence application domain of the “evidence ecosystem for impact” framework. In the evidence application process, research evidence can be used both as an input (as noted in the previous section) and can also be produced as part of the process to help achieve the desired impact. The evidence produced as part of the policy/action cycle can include surveys of stakeholder views (primary research), systematic reviews (secondary research) to inform the development of an evidence product (e.g. a guideline), and the evidence product itself (tertiary research). Further, when an intervention is implemented, the evaluation results can be published to inform future systematic reviews and evidence products.

The steps included in the policy/action cycle are as follows: identify the high priority issue; design solutions; design implementation; communicate and engage; implement, monitor, evaluate and adjust; and sustain change, with the overarching aim of achieving global health and equity. These stages are similar to those included in the different policy cycle models that represent the idealized process of policy-making [82].

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